What is Image Augmentation?
Image augmentation is a technique of modifying the existing data to create some new data for the model training process. It is the process of taking images that are already in a training dataset and manipulating them to create many altered versions of the same image. This increases the number of training images available, but it can also expose our classifier to a wider range of lighting and coloring conditions, strengthening it.
When Should we use Image Augmentation?
The input that a user will provide when working on image categorization projects might vary in numerous ways, including angles, zoom, and steadiness while clicking the photo. As a result, we should teach our model to take practically any input and understand it. In these situations when you are working with deep learning you'll find yourself in peculiar circumstances when there is not much data to train your model and gathering training data can be both frustrating and time-consuming. In times like this, image augmentation comes to rescue you.
>>We can observe that the deep learning model's performance improves as the number of data increases.
Every time, having a lot of data to feed the deep learning network is impossible. The issue with not having enough data is that the deep learning model may not be able to extract the patterns or functions from the data, which could affect how effectively it performs. This not only makes your model more resilient, but it also reduces overhead RAM! Let's take a closer look at how this class is useful for image augmentation.
Different Image Augmentation Techniques
## Installing Requirements (Keras Library)
pip install keras
## Importing Dependencies
from keras.preprocessing.image import ImageDataGenerator
## Here we are applying the rules to generate data like its rotation range or if you want images to get flip or not
gen = ImageDataGenerator(rotation_range=10, width_shift_range=0.1,
height_shift_range=0.1, shear_range=0.15, zoom_range=0.1,
## Expand the dimension of the image array
image = np.expand_dims(cv2.imread(image_path), 0)
## Here we're applying the required image in the function
aug_iter = gen.flow(image)
## We've created 10 images from one single image and getting them using the 'next' keyword in a for loop
aug_images = [next(aug_iter).astype(np.uint8) for i in range(10)]
## Now you can see and save every image using their index