How To Make Trigger In Zabbix FOr CPU And Memory Utilisation

Posted By :Kapil Soni |29th July 2022

What is Zabbix Template?

The use of templates is a great technique to simplify Zabbix management. It is possible to attach a group of things (items, triggers, graphs, apps, screens, discovery rules, and online scenarios) to a template, making it possible to handle thousands of devices effectively.

How We Can Create Zabbix Template?

1. Create a new Zabbix template

Navigate to Configuration -> Templates. Create a template and include the template's name, group, and description.

2. Add macros

We want to monitor these three parameters:

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

1. number of processes, with alerting if it is less than a certain value

2. memory usage, with alerting on high usage

3. CPU usage, with alerting on high load

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Zabbix features overview

So, let’s create default values for it. We can use macros as placeholders to be able redefine these values in the host configuration.

 

In this example we created 6 macros:

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{$PROC_CPU_MAX} => 70

{$PROC_MEM_MAX} => 2000000000

{$PROC_COUNT_MIN} => 1

{$PROC_NAME} => apache2

{$PROC_CPU_NORM} => 10

{$PROC_MEM_NORM} => 1000000000

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Here you can see CPU max usage 70%, max memory limit 2G, minimum 1 process running, and process name apache2 for example. To avoid a flapping state, we need define normal trigger hysteresis values. So we also defined {$PROC_CPU_NORM} as 10% and {$PROC_MEM_NORM} as 1G.

 

3. Add items

Now we need to add incoming data items. Go to the Items menu under the current template and click Create item button. Create 3 items:

******************************************************

number of processes

CPU usage

memory usage

*****************************************************

You can use macros {$PROC_NAME} as a placeholder for the process name to be able to change it in the host configuration. So add these 3 items with 3 Keys:

******************************

proc.num[{$PROC_NAME}]

proc.cpu.util[{$PROC_NAME}]

proc.mem[{$PROC_NAME}]

******************************


 

Be careful, some parameters have different value types. For example, proc.num, proc.mem has Numeric (int), but proc.CPU.util has Numeric (float).You may check it in Key -> Select constructor or the official Zabbix manual.

Import Export of Templates

4. Triggers with hysteresis

Now we need to create triggers. Let’s construct it. Go to the template Triggers menu. You can use the built-in Zabbix constructor by clicking the Problem expression -> Add button, selecting the item and function. For example last (most recent) T value. But it’s only one value. It can change every time. The count function is superior for detecting hard status when the same number appears numerous times. You can get more information about functions on Zabbix's official documentation.

 

So we want to create a trigger problem expression which will be fired when memory usage will greater than {$PROC_MEM_MAX} 3 times in a row.

 

{Template_name:proc.mem[{$PROC_NAME}].count(#3,{$PROC_MEM_MAX},gt)}>=3

(/Zabbix Main Server SecureNow/proc.cpu.util[{$PROC_NAME}],1)>=1

 

This expression can be read as: 'count of the last three (#3) values that were greater (gt) than {$PROC_MEM_MAX} at least three times.'  This means that the last (most recent) 3 item values were greater than PROC_MEM_MAX 3 times in a row. So each of these three values was greater than the maximum. It is a good solution to detect the hard state of the problem.

 

This expression can be viewed as the count of the past three (3) item values that were less than or equivalent to {$PROC_MEM_NORM} at least three times.
 

 

***********************************************************************************

{Linux process monitoring:proc.mem[{$PROC_NAME}].count(#3,{$PROC_MEM_MAX},gt)}>=3

{Linux process monitoring:proc.mem[{$PROC_NAME}].count(#3,{$PROC_MEM_NORM},le)}>=3

 

{Linux process monitoring:proc.cpu.util[{$PROC_NAME}].count(#3,{$PROC_CPU_MAX},gt)}>=3

{Linux process monitoring:proc.cpu.util[{$PROC_NAME}].count(#3,{$PROC_CPU_NORM},le)}>=3

 

{Linux process monitoring:proc.num[{$PROC_NAME}].count(#3,{$PROC_COUNT_MIN},lt)}>=3

{Linux process monitoring:proc.num[{$PROC_NAME}].count(#3,{$PROC_COUNT_MIN},ge)}>=3

 

***********************************************************************************

 

5. Configure the host

Now we can add this template to our host. Go to Configuration -> Hosts -> your server -> Templates.Add your brand new template to the server. Then we need to add according to macros.

How is Zabbix monitoring implemented?


Zabbix offers three choices for discovery mode: An IT environment is periodically scanned by network discovery, which logs the type, IP address, status, uptimes, and downtimes of each device. Low-level discovery uses the detected device to automatically construct items, triggers, and graphs.

 

All done! Congratulations! We can now check our data using the Monitoring -> Latest data option.

 


About Author

Kapil Soni

Kapil is an exceptionally skilled DevOps Engineer with a profound understanding and expertise in a wide range of cutting-edge technologies. His knowledge encompasses AWS, Azure, GCP, Kubernetes, Azure DevOps CI/CD, ELK, and more. He has a proven track record of successfully deploying and managing large-scale cloud infrastructures. He leverages automation tools and follows industry best practices to ensure optimal performance and scalability. Kapil's collaborative approach and unwavering commitment to continuous improvement make him an invaluable team member in dynamic environments. He has made significant contributions to numerous projects, including Kubernetes and AWS, Oneinfinity, Dunkan, SecureNow, Yogamu, and several others.

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