Characteristics Overview of MongoDB Database.

Posted By :Vikrant Kumar |30th October 2022

MongoDB: An overview

MongoDB, the most popular NoSQL database, is a cost-free document-oriented database. Non-relational is what "NoSQL" refers to. It means that MongoDB offers a completely alternative mechanism for data storage and retrieval and is not based on the relational database structure that resembles a table. The name of this storage format is BSON ( similar to JSON format).


A simple MongoDB document Structure:


  name: 'John Doe',

  team: 'Test team',

  id: '483473984fhe4',

  type: 'NoSQL'



Tabular data is stored in SQL databases. This data is kept in a preset data model that isn't very flexible for modern, rapidly expanding real-world applications. Applications today are more social, interactive, and networked than ever before. Applications are storing and access data at increasing and higher speeds.


Due to their architecture, relational database management systems (RDBMS) are not the best option for handling massive data because they are not horizontally scalable. The database will hit a scaling limit if it uses a single server. NoSQL databases offer better performance and are more scalable. A NoSQL database like MongoDB expands by adding more and more servers and boosts productivity with its adaptable document format.


Features of MongoDB:

  1. Document-Oriented: Unlike RDBMS, MongoDB saves the primary subject in the fewest amount of documents possible rather than fragmenting it into several relational structures. For instance, instead of storing information about a computer in separate relational structures like CPU, RAM, Hard disc, etc., it keeps all of that information in a single document named Computer.


  1. Index: Without indexing, a database would have to scan every document in a collection to identify the ones that meet the search criteria, which would be time-consuming and inefficient. Therefore, indexing is essential for effective searching, and MongoDB employs it to quickly analyze massive volumes of data.


  1. Scalability: Sharding allows MongoDB to scale horizontally (partitioning data across various servers). The shard key is used to divide data into chunks that are then equally dispersed among shards that are spread across numerous physical servers. A running database can also have new machines added to it.


  1. Replication and High Availability: MongoDB makes several copies of the data available on other servers, hence enhancing data availability. It safeguards the database from hardware failures by offering redundancy. The data may be easily retrieved from other active servers that also have the data stored on them if one server goes down.


  1. Aggregation: Operations involving aggregates process data records and deliver the calculated outcomes. It is comparable to the SQL GROUP BY clause. Sum, average, min, max, and other aggregation expressions are a few.


Where may MongoDB be used?


In the following situations, MongoDB is favored over RDBMS:


Big Data: Consider MongoDB before RDBMS databases if you need to store a significant amount of data in tables. Your database can be partitioned and shared using MongoDB's built-in functionality.


Unreliable Schema RDBMS makes it difficult to add additional columns, however, MongoDB doesn't have a schema. It will be very simple to add a new field, and it won't affect older documents.


Data spread out Since numerous copies of the data are kept on many servers, even in the event of hardware failure, data recovery is quick and secure.


About Author

Vikrant Kumar

Vikrant is a skilled and knowledgeable back-end developer with extensive experience in the industry. He is proficient in various programming languages, such as NodeJS, ExpressJS, MongoDB, React, Angular, and JavaScript. Vikrant has worked on several challenging projects, including Konfer, and has a deep understanding of development principles. He is committed to expanding his knowledge of new technologies and constantly improving his skills to deliver exceptional software products.

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